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How Adversarial ML Can Turn An ML Model Against Itself

Discover the main types of adversarial machine learning attacks and what you can do to protect yourself.

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how adversarial ml can turn an ml model against itself

Machine learning (ML) is at the very center of the rapidly evolving artificial intelligence (AI) landscape, with applications ranging from cybersecurity to generative AI and marketing. The data interpretation and decision-making capabilities of ML models offer unparalleled efficiency when you’re dealing with large datasets. As more and more organizations implement ML into their processes, ML models have emerged as a prime target for malicious actors. These malicious actors typically attack ML algorithms to extract sensitive data or disrupt operations.

What Is Adversarial ML?

Adversarial ML refers to an attack where an ML model’s prediction capabilities are compromised. Malicious actors carry out these attacks by either manipulating the training data that is fed into the model or by making unauthorized alterations to the inner workings of the model itself.

How Is An Adversarial ML Attack Carried Out?

There are three main types of adversarial ML attacks:

Data Poisoning

Data poisoning attacks are carried out during the training phase. These attacks involve infecting the training datasets with inaccurate or misleading data with the purpose of adversely affecting the model’s outputs. Training is the most important phase in the development of an ML model, and poisoning the data used in this step can completely derail the development process, rendering the model unfit for its intended purpose and forcing you to start from scratch.

Evasion

Evasion attacks are carried out on already-trained and deployed ML models during the inference phase, where the model is put to work on real-world data to produce actionable outputs. These are the most common form of adversarial ML attacks. In an evasion attack, the attacker adds noise or disturbances to the input data to cause the model to misclassify it, leading it to make an incorrect prediction or provide a faulty output. These disturbances are subtle alterations to the input data that are imperceptible to humans but can be picked up by the model. For example, a car’s self-driving model might have been trained to recognize and classify images of stop signs. In the case of an evasion attack, a malicious actor may feed an image of a stop sign with just enough noise to cause the ML to misclassify it as, say, a speed limit sign.

Model Inversion

A model inversion attack involves exploiting the outputs of a target model to infer the data that was used in its training. Typically, when carrying out an inversion attack, an attacker sets up their own ML model. This is then fed with the outputs produced by the target model so it can predict the data that was used to train it. This is especially concerning when you consider the fact that certain organizations may train their models on highly sensitive data.

How Can You Protect Your ML Algorithm From Adversarial ML?

While not 100% foolproof, there are several ways to protect your ML model from an adversarial attack:

Validate The Integrity Of Your Datasets

Since the training phase is the most important phase in the development of an ML model, it goes without saying you need to have a very strict qualifying process for your training data. Make sure you’re fully aware of the data you’re collecting and always make sure to verify it’s from a reliable source. By strictly monitoring the data that is being used in training, you can ensure that you aren’t unknowingly feeding your model poisoned data. You could also consider using anomaly detection techniques to make sure the training datasets do not contain any suspicious samples.

Secure Your Datasets

Make sure to store your training data in a highly secure location with strict access controls. Using cryptography also adds another layer of security, making it that much harder to tamper with this data.

Train Your Model To Detect Manipulated Data

Feed the model examples of adversarial inputs that have been flagged as such so it will learn to recognize and ignore them.

Perform Rigorous Testing

Keep testing the outputs of your model regularly. If you notice a decline in quality, it might be indicative of an issue with the input data. You could also intentionally feed malicious inputs to detect any previously unknown vulnerabilities that might be exploited.

Adversarial ML Will Only Continue To Develop

Adversarial ML is still in its early stages, and experts say current attack techniques aren’t highly sophisticated. However, as with all forms of tech, these attacks will only continue to develop, growing more complex and effective. As more and more organizations begin to adopt ML into their operations, now’s the right time to invest in hardening your ML models to defend against these threats. The last thing you want right now is to lag behind in terms of security in an era when threats continue to evolve rapidly.

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Initial Trials Of Dubai’s Driverless Evocargo Trucks Completed

Testing was announced on July 17, and the completion is a major milestone towards upgrading the region’s logistics infrastructure.

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initial trials of dubai's driverless evocargo trucks completed
Dubai Media Office

A Dubai-based company has completed the initial trials for the UAE’s first driverless trucks. The groundbreaking achievement by Evocargo, partnering with Dubai South, took place at Dubai South Logistics District, and marked a significant step towards incorporating autonomous technologies into the region’s wider logistics infrastructure.

Announced on Wednesday, July 17th, the trials featured the Evocargo N1 unmanned electric truck navigating a predetermined route within a controlled setting. The test involved interactions with common road obstacles such as cars, trucks, and pedestrians, aiming to evaluate the vehicle’s hardware and software reliability, accident prevention systems, and overall readiness for public road use.

Officials were keen to highlight that this accomplishment aligns with the UAE’s ambitious strategy to position itself as a global leader in innovation and technology adoption. The country aims to have 25% of all transportation in Dubai autonomous by 2030, underscoring its commitment to revolutionizing the logistics sector using advanced technologies.

Mohsen Ahmad, CEO of the Logistics District at Dubai South, emphasized the importance of the collaboration with Evocargo in enhancing the region’s logistics capabilities. He noted that autonomous vehicles are set to increase efficiency, reduce carbon emissions, and establish a sustainable logistics infrastructure that will benefit both Dubai and the wider UAE.

Also Read: Riyadh Developers Reveal New 45,000-Seat Murabba Stadium

Ahmed Al-Ansi, CEO of Evocargo Autonomous Logistic Services, also expressed optimism that the trials will draw new customers and investments across the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The partnership aims to lead in innovative tech solutions, further establishing the UAE as a pioneer in autonomous transportation.

The successful completion of the trials marks a crucial step towards realizing the UAE’s vision for a technologically advanced and sustainable future in which autonomous vehicles are expected to play a pivotal role in global logistics.

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